Bridging the gap between omics research and dental practice


  • Bennett JH, Beeley JA, Anderson P, Belfield L, Brand HS, Didilescu AC, et al. A core curriculum in the biological and biomedical sciences for dentistry. Eur J Dent Educ. 2020;24:433–41.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Jamal H, Elhussein M. Integration of Regenerative Dentistry Into the Dental Undergraduate Curriculum. Front Dent Med. 2020;1. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fdmed.2020.596189.

  • Paul K, Islam A, Volponi AA. Future horizons: embedding the evolving science of regenerative dentistry in a modern, sustainable dental curriculum. Br Dent J. 2022;232:207–10.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Roberts T, Yip WK, Mofokeng LN, Hijarunguru N, Ngaxa K, Mathura T, et al. Genetics in Oral Health: The Need for Human Genetics in the Dentistry Curriculum. South Afr Dent J. 2018;73:271–2.

    Google Scholar 

  • Slavkin HC. From high definition precision healthcare to precision public oral health: opportunities and challenges. J Public Health Dent. 2020;80:S23–30.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Kornman KS, Duff GW. Personalized Medicine: Will Dentistry Ride the Wave or Watch From the Beach? J Dent Res. 2012;91:S8–11.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Polverini PJ, Krebsbach PH. Research and Discovery Science and the Future of Dental Education and Practice. J Dent Educ. 2017;81:eS97–107.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Moussa DG, Ahmad P, Mansour TA, Siqueira WL. Current State and Challenges of the Global Outcomes of Dental Caries Research in the Meta-Omics Era. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2022;12:887907.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Refai AK, Cochran DL. Harnessing Omics Sciences and Biotechnologies in Understanding Osseointegration-Personalized Dental Implant Therapy. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2020;35:e27–39.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Bunting RW. Bacteriological, chemical, and nutritional studies of dental caries by the Michigan Research Group: a summary. J Dent Res. 1934;14:97–105.

    Article 
    CAS 

    Google Scholar 

  • Divaris K. The Era of the Genome and Dental Medicine. J Dent Res. 2019;98:949–55.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Kappes LO. Factors in the decay of teeth. Am J Dis Child. 1928;36:268–76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Klein H, Palmer CE. Dental caries in brothers and sisters of immune and susceptible children. Milbank Mem Fund Q. 1940;18:67–82.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Witkop CJ Jr. Genetics and dentistry. Eugen Q. 1958;5:15–22.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Watson JD, Crick FH. Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature. 1953;171:737–8.

    Article 
    ADS 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Ford CE, Jones KW, Polani PE, De Almeida JC, Briggs JH. A sex-chromosome anomaly in a case of gonadal dysgenesis (Turner’s syndrome). Lancet. 1959;1:711–3.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Sofaer JA. Host genes and dental caries. Br Dent J. 1993;175:403–9.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Karolyi J, Erickson RP. A region of the mouse genome homologous to human chromosome 1q21 affects facial clefting. J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol. 1993;13:1–5.

    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Thorogood P, Ferretti P. Heads and tales: recent advances in craniofacial development. Br Dent J. 1992;173:301–6.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • His W. Untersuchungen über die erste Anlage des Wirbelthierleibes: die erste Entwickelung des Hühnchens im Ei. F.C.W. Vogel; 1868.

  • Artinger KB, Monsoro-Burq AH. Neural crest multipotency and specification: power and limits of single cell transcriptomic approaches. Fac Rev. 2021;10:38.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Vega-Lopez GA, Cerrizuela S, Tribulo C, Aybar MJ. Neurocristopathies: New insights 150 years after the neural crest discovery. Dev Biol. 2018;444:S110–43.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Glick M, Williams DM, Kleinman DV, Vujicic M, Watt RG, Weyant RJ. A new definition for oral health developed by the FDI World Dental Federation opens the door to a universal definition of oral health. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2017;151:229–31.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Dai X, Shen L. Advances and Trends in Omics Technology Development. Front Med. 2022;9. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmed.2022.911861/full.

  • Gene Map Statistics – OMIM. 2023; Available from: https://www.omim.org/statistics/geneMap.

  • Khera AV, Chaffin M, Aragam KG, Haas ME, Roselli C, Choi SH, et al. Genome-wide polygenic scores for common diseases identify individuals with risk equivalent to monogenic mutations. Nat Genet. 2018;50:1219–24.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Kumuthini J, Zick B, Balasopoulou A, Chalikiopoulou C, Dandara C, El-Kamah G, et al. The clinical utility of polygenic risk scores in genomic medicine practices: a systematic review. Hum Genet. 2022;141:1697–704.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Gong T, Tang B, Zhou X, Zeng J, Lu M, Guo X, et al. Genome editing in Streptococcus mutans through self-targeting CRISPR arrays. Mol Oral Microbiol. 2018;33:440–9.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Petty LE, Silva R, de Souza LC, Vieira AR, Shaw DM, Below JE, et al. Genome-wide Association Study Identifies Novel Risk Loci for Apical Periodontitis. J Endod. 2023; Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099239923004302.

  • Bostanci N, Selevsek N, Wolski W, Grossmann J, Bao K, Wahlander A, et al. Targeted Proteomics Guided by Label-free Quantitative Proteome Analysis in Saliva Reveal Transition Signatures from Health to Periodontal Disease. Mol Cell Proteom MCP. 2018;17:1392–409.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Bostanci N, Belibasakis GN. Precision periodontal care: from omics discoveries to chairside diagnostics. Clin Oral Investig. 2023;27:971–8.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Bostanci N, Silbereisen A, Bao K, Grossmann J, Nanni P, Fernandez C, et al. Salivary proteotypes of gingivitis tolerance and resilience. J Clin Periodontol. 2020;47:1304–16.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Leite FRM, Nascimento GG, Møller HJ, Belibasakis GN, Bostanci N, Smith PC, et al. Cytokine profiles and the dynamic of gingivitis development in humans. J Clin Periodontol. 2022;49:67–75.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Nascimento GG, Baelum V, Sorsa T, Tervahartiala T, Skottrup PD, López R. Salivary levels of MPO, MMP-8 and TIMP-1 are associated with gingival inflammation response patterns during experimental gingivitis. Cytokine. 2019;115:135–41.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Biagioni A, Mohammadinejad R. Editorial: CRISPR advancement in cancer research and future perspectives. Front Oncol. 2023;13:1173527. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fonc.2023.1173527.

  • Huang P, Tong D, Sun J, Li Q, Zhang F. Generation and characterization of a human oral squamous carcinoma cell line SCC-9 with CRISPR/Cas9-mediated deletion of the p75 neurotrophin receptor. Arch Oral Biol. 2017;82:223–32.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Ludwig M, Birkeland A, Nimmagadda S, Foltin S, Kulkarni A, Jiang H, et al. Abstract 3198: Using a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 knockout library to identify therapeutic combinations in oral cancer. Cancer Res. 2017;77:3198–3198.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Chai AWY, Lim KP, Cheong SC. Translational genomics and recent advances in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Semin Cancer Biol. 2020;61:71–83.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Al-Namnam NM, Jayash SN, Hariri F, Rahman ZAA, Alshawsh MA. Insights and future directions of potential genetic therapy for Apert syndrome: A systematic review. Gene Ther. 2021;28:620–33.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee S, Chen D, Park M, Kim S, Choi YJ, Moon SJ, et al. Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Analysis of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cell and Human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cell. J Endod. 2022;48:240–8.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyelakin A, Horeth E, Song EAC, Min S, Che M, Marzullo B, et al. Transcriptomic and Network Analysis of Minor Salivary Glands of Patients With Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome. Front Immunol. 2021;11:606268 https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2020.606268.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Wang Y, Lin H, Zhong W, Simmer JP, Wang S. Transcriptome analysis of gingival tissues of enamel‐renal syndrome. J Periodontal Res. 2019;54:653–61.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Opasawatchai A, Nguantad S, Sriwilai B, Matangkasombut P, Matangkasombut O, Srisatjaluk R, et al. Single-Cell Transcriptomic Profiling of Human Dental Pulp in Sound and Carious Teeth: A Pilot Study. Front Dent Med. 2022;2. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fdmed.2021.806294.

  • Martin JL, Gottehrer N, Zalesin H, Hoff PT, Shaw M, Clarkson JHW, et al. Evaluation of Salivary Transcriptome Markers for the Early Detection of Oral Squamous Cell Cancer in a Prospective Blinded Trial. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2015;Available from: https://www.aegisdentalnetwork.com/cced/2015/05/evaluation-of-salivary-transcriptome-markers-for-the-early-detection-of-oral-squamous-cell-cancer-in-a-prospective-blinded-trial.

  • Sathasivam HP, Kist R, Sloan P, Thomson P, Nugent M, Alexander J, et al. Predicting the clinical outcome of oral potentially malignant disorders using transcriptomic-based molecular pathology. Br J Cancer. 2021;125:413–21.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Okuno K, Tokunaga M, Kinugasa Y, Baba H, Kodera Y, Goel A. A Transcriptomic Liquid Biopsy Assay for Predicting Resistance to Neoadjuvant Therapy in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Ann Surg. 2022;276:101–10.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Yianni V, Sharpe PT. Transcriptomic Profiling of Dental Pulp Pericytes: An RNAseq Approach. Front Dent Med. 2020;1. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fdmed.2020.00006.

  • Ning J, Zhang L, Xie H, Chai L, Yao J. Decoding the multifaceted signatures and transcriptomic characteristics of stem cells derived from apical papilla and dental pulp of human supernumerary teeth. Cell Biol Int. 2023. Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cbin.12088.

  • Schneider H, Schweikl C, Faschingbauer F, Hadj-Rabia S, Schneider P. A Causal Treatment for X-Linked Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: Long-Term Results of Short-Term Perinatal Ectodysplasin A1 Replacement. Int J Mol Sci. 2023;24:7155.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Schneider H, Faschingbauer F, Schuepbach-Mallepell S, Körber I, Wohlfart S, Dick A, et al. Prenatal Correction of X-Linked Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia. N Engl J Med. 2018;378:1604–10.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Damase TR, Sukhovershin R, Boada C, Taraballi F, Pettigrew RI, Cooke JP. The Limitless Future of RNA Therapeutics. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2021;9. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fbioe.2021.628137.

  • Ravi V, Murashima-Suginami A, Kiso H, Tokita Y, Huang CL, Bessho K, et al. Advances in tooth agenesis and tooth regeneration. Regen Ther. 2023;22:160–8.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Murashima-Suginami A, Kiso H, Tokita Y, Mihara E, Nambu Y, Uozumi R, et al. Anti–USAG-1 therapy for tooth regeneration through enhanced BMP signaling. Sci Adv. 2021;7:eabf1798.

    Article 
    ADS 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Ai D, Huang R, Wen J, Li C, Zhu J, Xia LC. Integrated metagenomic data analysis demonstrates that a loss of diversity in oral microbiota is associated with periodontitis. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:1–15.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Gao L, Cheng Z, Zhu F, Bi C, Shi Q, Chen X. The Oral Microbiome and Its Role in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases: A Systematic Review of Big Data Analysis. Front Big Data. 2022;5. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fdata.2022.927520.

  • Yuan M, Xu Y, Guo Z. Association of oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ther Adv Gastroenterol. 2022;15:17562848221123980.

    Article 
    CAS 

    Google Scholar 

  • Negrut RL, Cote A, Maghiar AM. Exploring the Potential of Oral Microbiome Biomarkers for Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis and Prognosis: A Systematic Review. Microorganisms. 2023;11:1586.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Saadaoui M, Singh P, Al Khodor S. Oral microbiome and pregnancy: A bidirectional relationship. J Reprod Immunol. 2021;145:103293.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Tonelli A, Lumngwena EN, Ntusi NAB. The oral microbiome in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2023;20:386–403.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Maitre Y, Mahalli R, Micheneau P, Delpierre A, Amador G, Denis F. Evidence and Therapeutic Perspectives in the Relationship between the Oral Microbiome and Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18:11157.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee YH, Chung SW, Auh QS, Hong SJ, Lee YA, Jung J, et al. Progress in Oral Microbiome Related to Oral and Systemic Diseases: An Update. Diagnostics. 2021;11:1283.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Crusell MKW, Brink LR, Nielsen T, Allin KH, Hansen T, Damm P, et al. Gestational diabetes and the human salivary microbiota: a longitudinal study during pregnancy and postpartum. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020;20:69.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Kahharova D, Brandt BW, Buijs MJ, Peters M, Jackson R, Eckert G, et al. Maturation of the Oral Microbiome in Caries-Free Toddlers: A Longitudinal Study. J Dent Res. 2020;99:159–67.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Scheen AJ, Junien C. Epigenetics, interface between environment and genes: role in complex diseases. Rev Med Liege. 2012;67:250–7.

    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Barros SP, Fahimipour F, Tarran R, Kim S, Scarel-Caminaga RM, Justice A, et al. Epigenetic reprogramming in periodontal disease: Dynamic crosstalk with potential impact in oncogenesis. Periodontology. 2020;82:157–72.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams S, Hughes T, Adler C, Brook A, Townsend G. Epigenetics: a new frontier in dentistry. Aust Dent J. 2014;59:23–33.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Silva MJ, Mohandas N, Craig JM, Manton DJ, Saffery R, Southey MC, et al. DNA methylation in childhood dental caries and hypomineralization. J Dent. 2022;117:103913.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Larsson L, Kavanagh NM, Nguyen TVN, Castilho RM, Berglundh T, Giannobile WV. Influence of epigenetics on periodontitis and peri-implantitis pathogenesis. Periodontology. 2022;90:125–37.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Liaw A, Liu C, Ivanovski S, Han P. The Relevance of DNA Methylation and Histone Modification in Periodontitis: A Scoping Review. Cells. 2022;11:3211.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Cho YD, Kim WJ, Ryoo HM, Kim HG, Kim KH, Ku Y, et al. Current advances of epigenetics in periodontology from ENCODE project: a review and future perspectives. Clin Epigenetics. 2021;13:1–14.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Emfietzoglou R, Pachymanolis E, Piperi C. Impact of Epigenetic Alterations in the Development of Oral Diseases. Curr Med Chem. 2021;28:1091–103.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Sudi SM, Kabbashi S, Roomaney IA, Aborass M, Chetty M. The genetic determinants of oral diseases in Africa: The gaps should be filled. Front Oral Health. 2022;3. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/froh.2022.1017276.

  • Roopashri G, Ali HS. Gene-omics in dentistry; a magical blueprint. Glob J Res Anal. 2023;12:81–4.

  • Nayyar N, Ojcius DM, Dugoni AA. The Role of Medicine and Technology in Shaping the Future of Oral Health. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2020;48:127–30.

    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Quezada H, Guzmán-Ortiz AL, Díaz-Sánchez H, Valle-Rios R, Aguirre-Hernández J. Omics-based biomarkers: current status and potential use in the clinic. Bol Méd Hosp Infant México Engl Ed. 2017;74:219–26.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang H, Klareskog L, Matussek A, Pfister SM, Benson M. Translating genomic medicine to the clinic: challenges and opportunities. Genome Med. 2019;11:9.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Burke W, Korngiebel DM. Closing the Gap between Knowledge and Clinical Application: Challenges for Genomic Translation. PLOS Genet. 2015;11:e1004978.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Adamo GL, Widdop JT, Giles EM. The future is now? Clinical and translational aspects of “Omics” technologies. Immunol Cell Biol. 2021;99:168–76.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Schloss AJ, Verjee Z, Spielman AI. The Era of Personalized Dentistry Is Upon Us: It’s Time to Include It in Dental Curricula. J Dent Educ. 2017;81:363–5.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Adeola HA, Adefuye A, Soyele O, Butali A. The dentist-scientist career pathway in Africa: opportunities and obstacles. Korean J Med Educ. 2018;30:189–98.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Sirugo G, Williams S, Tishkoff S. The Missing Diversity in Human Genetic Studies. Cell. 2019;177:1080.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • H3Africa consortium. Enabling the genomic revolution in Africa. Science. 2014;344:1346–8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Wonkam A. Sequence three million genomes across Africa. Nature. 2021;590:209–11.

    Article 
    ADS 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Wonkam A, Munung NS, Dandara C, Esoh KK, Hanchard NA, Landoure G. Five Priorities of African Genomics Research: The Next Frontier. Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet. 2022;23:499–521.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Ramsay M. African genomic data sharing and the struggle for equitable benefit. Patterns. 2022;3:100412.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Negro SS, Millet EJ, Madur D, Bauland C, Combes V, Welcker C, et al. Genotyping-by-sequencing and SNP-arrays are complementary for detecting quantitative trait loci by tagging different haplotypes in association studies. BMC Plant Biol. 2019;19:318.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Skerrett-Byrne Anthony D, Jiang Chen C, Nixon B, Hondermarck H. Transcriptomics. In: Bradshaw RA, Hart GW, Stahl PD, editors. Encyclopedia of Cell Biology, 2nd ed. Oxford: Academic Press; 2023. p. 363–71. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128216187001577.

  • Khurana Hershey GK, Sherenian MG, Mersha TB. 2 – Precision Medicine. In: O’Hehir RE, Holgate ST, Khurana Hershey GK, Sheikh A, editors. Allergy Essentials, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2022. p. 25–39. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323809122000020.

  • Al-Amrani S, Al-Jabri Z, Al-Zaabi A, Alshekaili J, Al-Khabori M. Proteomics: Concepts and applications in human medicine. World J Biol Chem. 2021;12:57–69.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Esteves CV, de Campos WG, de Souza MM, Lourenço SV, Siqueira WL, Lemos-Júnior CA, et al. Diagnostic potential of saliva proteome analysis: a review and guide to clinical practice. Braz Oral Res. 2019;33:e043.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar 

  • Nam NN, Do HDK, Loan Trinh KT, Lee NY. Metagenomics: An Effective Approach for Exploring Microbial Diversity and Functions. Foods. 2023;12:2140.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang L, Chen F, Zeng Z, Xu M, Sun F, Yang L, et al. Advances in Metagenomics and Its Application in Environmental Microorganisms. Front Microbiol. 2021;12. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2021.766364.

  • Chen Y, Li EM, Xu LY. Guide to Metabolomics Analysis: A Bioinformatics Workflow. Metabolites. 2022;12:357.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Tzimas K, Pappa E. Saliva Metabolomic Profile in Dental Medicine Research: A Narrative Review. Metabolites. 2023;13:379.

    Article 
    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 

  • Yan S, Zhao J, Nagle DG, Zhou Y, Zhang W. Chapter 1 – Strategy for Modern Research of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formulae. In: Zhang WD, editor. Systems Biology and its Application in TCM Formulas Research. Academic Press; 2018. p. 3–18. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780128127445000011.

  • Mehrmohamadi M, Sepehri MH, Nazer N, Norouzi MR. A Comparative Overview of Epigenomic Profiling Methods. Front Cell Dev Biol. 2021;9:714687.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar 



  • Source link

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *