How Pregnancy Affects Your Teeth (and What to Do About It)

During pregnancy, you expect your body to change. But did you know your mouth changes too?

In addition to regular visits to your obstetrician during pregnancy, it is also important to visit your dentist regularly. Some studies suggest that periodontal disease may be a risk factor and cause of premature birth.

Teeth changes during pregnancy

During pregnancy, hormonal changes can increase acidity in the mouth, leading to increased tooth decay. This may also be due to cravings leading to increased sugar intake and decreased focus on preventive dental care.

During pregnancy, the ligaments and bones in your mouth may temporarily relax, causing your teeth to wobble slightly. This does not increase tooth loss, but it may be concerning. Other conditions can cause teeth to become loose, so it's best to get checked out and confirm the cause of the movement.

Especially in late pregnancy, the body's inflammatory response can increase the amount of bacteria and plaque that sticks to the teeth, causing the gums to swell and bleed, or gingivitis. Bacteria and plaque release toxins that lead to gum and bone infections. In severe and untreated cases, this infection can enter the bloodstream and cause serious illness.

Recommended dental care during pregnancy

Everyone (regardless of whether they are pregnant or not) should have their teeth cleaned and evaluated at least every six months. Pregnant woman visiting the dentistPoor oral hygiene is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, respiratory infections, and oral osteoporosis.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, but also know that most preventive treatments during pregnancy are safe. Delaying treatment may lead to more serious problems and may increase the risk of premature birth.

Continue routine dental care at home during pregnancy.

  • Limit sugary foods and drinks
  • Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
  • floss every day

If your gums are inflamed, try a salt water rinse (1 teaspoon salt in 1 cup warm water). If this doesn't help, see a dentist.

Taking care of your teeth is important at any stage of life, but during pregnancy, the changes in your mouth and teeth cannot be ignored. With regular dental visits, you'll be ready to welcome your baby with a beautiful, healthy smile.

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