Periodontal Diseases

Common oral diseases and how to reduce the risk


Nearly half of the world’s population suffers from oral disease, a new report shows. So, let’s take a look at common oral diseases and how to improve your dental health.

We all know that brushing your teeth before bed is just as important as brushing them in the morning. But sometimes we feel lazy or just tired. Now, a new report has emerged, reminding us not to take our oral health lightly. The “Global Status Report on Oral Health” released by the World Health Organization a few weeks ago shows that nearly half of the world's population (that is, 45%, or as many as 3.5 billion people) suffer from oral diseases. This is truly shocking and we definitely don’t want to be part of this number. So read on to learn about common oral diseases and ways to improve your dental health.

Since oral health should be everyone's priority, Health Shots reached out to Dr. Ajay Agarwal, Chief and Head, Department of Internal Medicine, Fortis Hospital, Noida, to know more.

Common oral diseases

The stench coming from someone's mouth is annoying and guess what? It is part of a common group of oral diseases. Bad breath, tooth sensitivity, tooth decay, cracked or broken teeth are among them. Agarwal shared about periodontal disease (chronic inflammation of the hard and soft tissues that support and anchor teeth, such as gingivitis), dental caries, edentulism (severe tooth loss when fewer than 9 teeth remain in the mouth), malocclusion (the alignment of teeth Abnormalities)) and oral cancer are also some common oral diseases.

Causes of Oral Disease

1. Dental caries

Sugar plays an important role in dental caries because it occurs when free sugars contained in food or drinks are converted into acids by bacteria. Over time, he explains, they can damage teeth, causing cavities and even leading to cavities. Due to the demoralization beneath the enamel surface, cavities look like white spots and, if the damage persists, can lead to toothache and pain for no apparent reason. Teeth sensitivity and mild to severe pain may occur when eating or drinking something sweet, hot, or cold.

As many as 3.5 billion people suffer from oral diseases. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

2. Internal tooth extraction or tooth loss

Generally, it is the end point of a long history of oral disease, mainly advanced caries and severe periodontal disease. It can also be caused by trauma and other causes.

3. Malocclusion

Do you have a thumb-sucking habit? It's time to put a stop to it, as causes and risk factors for malocclusion include frequent pacifier use after age 3, thumb sucking, and injuries that cause the jaw to become misaligned.

How to improve oral health?

1. Maintain good oral hygiene

Yes, you need to brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day and floss between your teeth every day to remove plaque.

Don't be a slouch when it comes to brushing your teeth at night. Image source: Shutterstock

2. Consult a dentist

Going to the dentist can be scary, but even if you don't have natural teeth or have dentures, you must visit the dentist at least once a year.

3. Say no to tobacco products

Do not use any tobacco products, and if you smoke, quit. Also, cut back on alcohol or alcoholic beverages.

4. Diabetes and dental care

If you have diabetes, work to control the disease because doing so will “reduce the risk of other complications, including gum disease,” Agarwal said, suggesting that treating gum disease may help lower blood sugar levels. So if you experience a sudden change in your sense of smell or taste, see your doctor or dentist.

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