Vaping e-cigarettes can be as harmful to gum and oral health as smoking traditional cigarettes

It has been known for years that smoking can wreak havoc on gum and oral health, with smokers experiencing higher rates of gum disease, higher rates of tooth loss, and higher rates of oral cancer. Gum disease is also known to have negative effects on general health, for example, it is linked to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and more.

Meanwhile, regular warnings against e-cigarettes often only highlight their damage to the heart and lungs, without mentioning oral health.

The EFP (European Federation of Periodontology) warns that vaping is just as harmful to gum and oral health as smoking traditional tobacco. Although the vaping phenomenon is relatively new compared to smoking, which means research details are still incomplete, the evidence does show a clear link between vaping and poor gum and oral health.

Smokers are more aware that smoking is a risk factor for general health problems and gum disease, while e-cigarette users are often misled into believing that e-cigarettes are less harmful or even safe. E-cigarettes may be no less harmful to gum and oral health than smoking.

One of the reasons for the adverse health effects of vaping is that nicotine, whether smoked or vaped, restricts blood flow to the gums. Other chemicals contained in e-cigarette vapor, including formaldehyde, propylene glycol and benzene, may significantly increase the damage to the mouth, starting with the progressive destruction of periodontal tissue (the tissue that supports teeth).

Unfortunately, the number of e-cigarette users worldwide is growing rapidly. Uptake of this potentially harmful habit appears to be higher among teenagers, young adults and people who have never smoked. Andreas Stavropoulos, chairman of the EFP Scientific Affairs Committee and former president of the EFP, emphasized: “E-cigarettes can cause damage to the gums and the tissues that support the teeth, often causing irreversible damage. ” “This damage involves permanent resorption of the gums and bone that keep the teeth functional and in the mouth. Treatment of these problems is often troublesome and expensive, depending on the severity.”

“For these reasons, at EFP, we urge oral health professionals not to recommend e-cigarettes as a transition strategy for smoking cessation, but rather to prioritize cigarette and e-cigarette cessation advice and provide patients with information about possible cessation. Electronic Adverse Effects of Smoke on Gum and Oral Health,” Recommended by Professor Stavropoulos.

In addition, e-cigarettes can harm oral health in a variety of ways, including bad breath, mouth and throat irritation, paratracheal edema, laryngitis, black tongue, nicotine stomatitis, hairy tongue, toothache, tooth discoloration, dental caries, tooth sensitivity and tooth loss. , increase cariogenicity, reduce enamel hardness, and increase the risk of cancer.

EFP, the global benchmark in periodontology

EFP (European Federation of Periodontology, is a non-profit organization dedicated to raising awareness among oral health professionals and the public about the importance of periodontal science and gum health. Its guiding vision is “Periodontal health, better life.”

Founded in 1991, the EFP is a federation of 38 national periodontal societies representing more than 16,000 periodontists, dentists, researchers and oral health professionals in Europe and around the world. It organizes events and activities based on the evidence-based science of periodontal and oral health, including EuroPerio (the world's leading periodontology and dental implant congress), the Perio Master Clinic and the Perio Workshop. Gum Health Day, held annually on May 12, aims to raise public awareness and deliver important messages about gum health to millions of people around the world.

The EFP also organizes workshops and outreach events with partners: past programs have covered the relationship between periodontal disease and diabetes, cardiovascular disease and dental caries, as well as women's oral health during pregnancy.

An extensive list of EFP publications includes Journal of Clinical Periodontologyresearch summary JCP Digestand online magazines Perio Insights, providing an expert perspective on periodontal science and clinical practice. The Federation's work in education is also important, particularly its accredited university-based postgraduate education programs in periodontics and dental implantology.

EFPs have no professional or business agenda.


European Federation of Periodontology (EFP)

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