Here’s How You Can Spot It Early For A Healthy Smile

Gum disease, called periodontal disease, is a widespread oral health problem that affects many people. If left untreated, it can lead to various oral health problems, leading to tissue and tooth loss. Therefore, it is crucial to identify this condition early to prevent its progression and protect your dental health.

To find out how to spot gum disease in its early stages, we spoke to Dr. Nihal Yadav, BDS, Amayra Dental Clinic, Kaushik Enclave, Burari, Delhi, Former Resident Physician, Deen Dayal Hospital, Hari Nagar, Delhi.

What is gum disease?

“Gum disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, ligaments and bone,” said Dr. Yadav. The culprit behind these conditions, he said, is the buildup of plaque, which is a build-up of plaque that forms on the teeth. a layer of bacterial mucosa. “If plaque is not adequately removed through regular brushing, flossing, and dental checkups, plaque can harden into tartar, causing gum irritation and inflammation,” he explains.

according to World Health Organization (WHO)Nearly 19% of the global adult population (more than 1 billion cases worldwide) is believed to be affected by severe periodontal disease.

Dr. Yadav mentioned that gingivitis is the initial stage and is characterized by red and swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing. “When gum disease progresses to periodontitis, the inflammation spreads deeper, causing pockets to form between the teeth and gums. If left untreated, this can lead to bone loss and eventually loosening and loss of teeth,” he adds.

Also read: Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis: How Gum Diseases Differ

How to detect gum disease early

Here's how to catch gum disease early.

Bleeding gums

“One of the main symptoms of early gum disease is bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing,” says Dr. Yadav. If you notice pink or red stains on your toothbrush or floss, he adds , it’s time to pay attention to your gum health.

Discoloration and swelling of gums

“Healthy gums should be pink and firm. If you notice color changes, such as redness or purpleness, as well as swelling or tenderness, this may be an early sign of gum disease,” says Dr. Yadav.

Bad breath

“Persistent bad breath that doesn't improve with regular oral hygiene may be a sign of gum disease,” says Dr. Yadav. He adds that bacteria in the mouth are responsible for the disease and release unpleasant-smelling gases.

Gingival recession

“If your teeth suddenly become longer than they used to be, or you notice that your roots are exposed, your gums may be receding. Gum recession may be another sign of gum disease or over-brushing,” says Dr. Yadav.

Also read: Gum disease: Gums that recede and never grow back

tooth sensitivity

Dr. Yadav says sensitivity to hot and cold foods and drinks may be a sign of gum recession or enamel erosion, both of which can be caused by gum disease.

pain or discomfort

“Gum disease may cause gum discomfort, aches, or pain. This may occur during chewing or even without any apparent reason,” says Dr. Yadav.

Changes in tooth arrangement

“If your teeth suddenly start moving or feel loose, it may be due to weakening of the bone structure due to advanced gum disease,” advises Dr. Yadav.

in conclusion

Prevention and early detection are the cornerstones of good oral health. Watching for early signs of gum disease can prevent potential pain, discomfort, and expensive dental procedures. If you suspect any signs of gum disease, consult your dentist immediately.

[Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. Consult your healthcare provider to get a thorough diagnosis and treatment as per your health needs.]

Image source: freepik

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