Psoriatic arthritis and dental health: Links and more

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints. It can also lead to fatigue, eye problems, and a higher likelihood of dental problems.

more than one third People with psoriasis can also develop psoriatic arthritis. About 8 million people in the United States have psoriasis, which means about 2.4 million people also develop psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis causes the immune system to attack joints in various parts of the body. Commonly affected joints include:

depending on 35% People may also experience jaw pain and inflammation due to psoriatic arthritis. A Study in 2021 People with psoriatic arthritis were found to be three times more likely to develop advanced dental disease and tooth decay.

This article explores the connection between psoriatic arthritis and dental health and explores tips for maintaining good oral health.

Research shows that periodontitis may be involved in causing or worsening psoriasis. There is also a link between periodontitis, disease severity, and whether people with psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis.

A 2019 review suggested that the following factors may be predictors of psoriasis:

  • Have a family history of psoriasis
  • Oral pain in the past 12 months
  • Poor gum health
  • Difficulty speaking due to dental problems

Research from 2019 shows that people with gum disease tend to have higher rates of inflammatory diseases.

Oral health can also be more challenging for people with painful chronic conditions like psoriatic arthritis. Further research will help experts better understand the connection between psoriatic arthritis and dental health.

Psoriatic arthritis and periodontal disease

A Study in 2021 It was found that there may be a correlation between the two conditions. Specifically, people with psoriatic arthritis are more likely to develop severe stage 3 gum disease than people without psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis causes inflammation that worsens gum disease and accelerates serious symptoms such as tooth decay.

People with psoriasis are also at higher risk of developing periodontitis compared with the general population, according to a 2019 review. They are also more likely to:

  • Gum inflammation becomes more severe
  • Experience more bone loss
  • have more missing teeth

Medications used to treat immune-related conditions such as psoriatic arthritis may also affect people's immune systems, putting them at greater risk for serious infections, including dental and oral infections that can lead to tooth loss or worsening of their oral health.

Psoriatic Arthritis and Implants

Dentists may recommend dental implants for people with missing teeth, but some psoriatic arthritis medications can affect the immune system. This can make people more susceptible to infection and increase the risk of surgical complications.

Although there are no studies on dental implants in patients with psoriatic arthritis, 2017 review This suggests that implant failure is more likely to occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, another type of arthritis involving the immune system.

according to World Health Organization (WHO)oral health problems affect nearly 3.5 billion people worldwide.

this Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) The following steps are recommended to maintain good oral health:

  • Use fluoride toothpaste and drink fluoridated water
  • Brush twice a day
  • Floss daily to control plaque and avoid gum disease or cavities
  • Visit the dentist at least once a year
  • Avoid the use of tobacco products and keep alcohol to a minimum
  • Ask if alternative medicines cause dry mouth

this World Health Organization It is also recommended to eat a balanced diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables and to choose water as the main beverage.

When to go to the dentist

People who have toothache or discomfort that interferes with their ability to eat or speak should consult their dentist.

this Department of Disease Control Regular dental checkups are also recommended to maintain good oral health. Regular visits to the dentist and catching problems early can help prevent them from getting worse.

Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory disease involving an overactive immune response. It causes joint swelling, pain, and stiffness. If left untreated, this condition can also lead to lasting joint damage.

Research shows a link between psoriatic arthritis and poor dental health, but experts aren't sure why this happens. Inflammation may play a role.

For people with chronic inflammatory conditions such as psoriatic arthritis, it is crucial to monitor their dental health and inform their dentist about their condition and any medications they are taking.

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